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Would you consider Orăştie as the cultural capital of Hunedoara County?

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History and Legends

Updated: Thursday, June 14, 2012 8:47 PM

      At the beginning of the 15th century, a Turkish army plundered and burned the city, resulting with the enslavery of thousand of recidents and forcing the Seat of Orastie to the paying of a regular tribute. A new damage occurs under the attack of the Turkish army led by Murad II, supported by army of Vlad Dracul of Wallachia. Ladislau Olah, the royal judge of Orastie takes part in the Transylvanian Saxons revolt against King Matei Corvin, losing his life during the reprisals. By the middle of the 15th century,Transylvania is under full Turkish invasion, Orastie being plundered and burned again. Matei Corvin approves the free election of a royal county lord, chosen by the Saxons, the Hungarians and the Wallachians of the Orastie community. The election of the county lord leads to new conflicts with the Turkish armies led by Ali and Skender Mihaloğlu and accompanied by soldiers of the Romanian Country, led by Basarab IV. The Transylvanian army led by Prince Stefan Bathory meets mountaineers, Saxons, Swabians, Hungarians, Serbs from Timisoara, Sibiu, Serbia, Romanian Country, Alba-Iulia - more than 25.000 people are faced with herds of 34.000 cavalrymen in battle on the Plain of Bread . Great military strategists and their flocks joined the Transylvanian army: the Committee of Timis Paul the Chinese, the Serbian despot Vuk Grgurević, the future ruler of Transylvania Bartolomeu Dragfi and many others. Turkish armies are defeated with great loss, their Wallachian allies completely destroyed. In memory of the victory over the Turks, Stefan Báthory builds up a chapel near the place where today stands the Aurel Vlaicu village.