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Would you consider Orăştie as the cultural capital of Hunedoara County?


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About Fortress of Orăştie

Updated: Thursday, June 14, 2012 8:49 PM

         Orastie is called "Brothers" in the Saxon dialect, and "Broos" in German, "Szászváros"(City of Saxons) in Hungarian, and "Saxopolis" in Latin, names that show cultural and ethnic diversity specific for any Transylvanian city with history. Excavation cemetery "Bemilor Hill X8" marks the presence in the 9th century of a steady population of Slavic Christianity from the West. Between the 11th and the 12th centuries it is built the first Christian edifice of stone, the Rotonda of Orastie.
          In 1206, the diploma issued by Andrew II of Hungary shows the arrival of the first Saxon settlers  in Waras (the old name of city), starting with the construction of the first fortifications in Orastie. A few years later, a new degree recognizes the presence of indigenous Romanians (Blachi) and Pecenege, and is being emphasized the sharing of forests and waters with the Saxons, under a single royal judge (iudex regium) and a council of 12 jurors (cives jurati), elected from among the local guilds.